Indonesia (Indonesian: Republik Indonesia) is a country in Southeast Asia and Oceania, located on the Malay archipelago between the Indian and Pacific Oceans. Administrative country is divided into 30 provinces, two special administrative units, having the status of provinces and one capital district. It has land borders with Malaysia, Papua New Guinea and East Timor. Its capital is Jakarta.
With its population of around 260 million people, Indonesia is ranked fourth in the world in population and the largest Muslim country. Although religious freedom for every citizen is provided in the Indonesian constitution, the government officially recognizes only six religions - Islam, Protestantism, Catholicism, Hinduism, Buddhism and Confucianism. Though not officially an Islamic state, Indonesia has the largest Muslim community - over 86% of the population, about 9% are Christians (Catholics and Protestants), 3% Hindus, Buddhists and 2% other.
Indonesia is a presidential republic with a president and government elected by the people. The President is the head of government and supreme commander of the army. The supreme legislative body of the country is the People's Consultative Assembly, which consists of two chambers: the Chamber of deputies with 550 deputies and the Council of Regional Representatives with 128 members.
There is a large number of ethnic, linguistic and religious groups on the territory of Indonesia, that are dominant yavantsite. However, complex Indonesian identity has adopted Islam and the Indonesian language as a rallying attributes of the population.
Indonesia is an amazing and exotic world, which collected mighty volcanoes, dense equatorial forests and numerous cultures. In this country, spread over 17,508 islands have 128 active volcanoes, more than anywhere in the world. Despite the huge population and its density, Indonesia ranks second in the world in bio diversity and has extensive rain and tropical forests. With its natural beauty, rich cultural and historical heritage, and especially with extremely traditional hospitality of its people, it is one of the most popular tourist destinations in the world.
Indonesia is among the founding members of ASEAN and is one of the 20 largest economies in the world (G20). In nominal Gross Domestic Product is ranked 18th in the world, and purchasing power - of the 15th.
Indonesia is one of the most resource-rich countries in the world. Only about 10% of the land is used for farming. In Indonesia there are many palms and rubber trees. The country produces a large number of products from palm oil and is a major supplier of natural rubber. In addition, Indonesia has a variety of minerals and mineral resources. Total reserves of methane amounted to 81.5 BOE and on this indicator ranks second in the world after China.
The country's economy has the following structure:
- Agriculture 21%. Crop: Rubber plants, coconut, oil palm, tea, coffee, tobacco, cocoa, spices, bark of cinchona, sugarcane, rice, corn, sweet potatoes, peanuts, soybeans. Developed animal husbandry. Fishing, extraction of marine products;
- Industrial 35%. Developed a mining and processing of wood, oil, natural gas, coal, tin, bauxite, manganese, copper, nickel, asbestos, asphalt, rock phosphate, rock salt, gold, silver. Processing of agricultural raw materials, textile, machine building, shipbuilding industry. Main ports: Jakarta, Kupang, Palembang, Semarang, Surabaya, Udzhungpadang. Export: oil and gas, plywood, textiles, rubber, mainly to Japan, the EU, the US, Singapore, Korea, Hong Kong, China, Taiwan. Imports: machinery and equipment, chemicals, industrial oils, food products from Japan, USA, Singapore, Germany, Australia, South Korea, Taiwan, China;
- Services, including 44% in tourism.